Do you have headaches that can’t be cured?
Migraine is not just a severe headache. Migraine is a headache that can be accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, hypersensitivity to light or sound.
The migraine attack usually lasts from four hours to three days. Some people suffer this several times a week. Others may experience attacks only every few years. If you experience headaches for 15 days or more every month, and eight of these headaches are migraine, it is called chronic migraine.
Although migraines are not life-threatening and do not reduce your life expectancy on earth, they can significantly reduce your quality of life. A study conducted by the World Health Organization has determined that migraine is the sixth largest cause in the world compared to “lost years due to disability” (which can also be understood as the number of years spent in a state of health, different from ideal). Repeated migraines can have a negative impact on family and social life and employment.
The main types of migraine: migraine without aura (sometimes called regular migraine); migraine with aura (sometimes called classic migraine).
About one-third of people who suffer from migraine experience aura before an attack. Although most Auras occur before migraine, they may also occur during or even after the headache stage.
Aura is the name given to the part of migraine that consists of a number of temporary neurological symptoms. The main symptoms of the Aura are vision problems such as blurred vision (difficulty focusing), blind spots, flashes of light, loss of half the field of vision (hemianopia) or a zigzag pattern moving from the central field of vision to the edge.
Other symptoms of the Aura include tingling (like pins and needles sticking into the skin) and numbness on the face, lips and tongue or hands and feet; speech problems such as slurred speech; dizziness; stiff neck and very rarely loss of consciousness.
WHO MAY EXPERIENCE MIGRAINE?
Anyone can have a migraine. Affects 1 in 5 women and 1 in 15 men. Usually it starts at an early age, although the diagnosis may be delayed or missed until it becomes a problem, often at working or middle age. Migraine usually becomes less problematic in older people, although it can begin at any age.
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF MIGRAINES?
Migraine can be acute (90%) or chronic (10%); with aura (10-30%) or without aura (70-90%). Some people have migraine aura without headache.
People who have signs of migraine are more likely to experience headaches than people without migraine, but not all these headaches are typical migraine attacks. Many experts believe that “headache from tension” is just a faceless form of migraine. “Ice pain” is a momentary stabbing pain in any part of the head. People with migraine more often suffer from alcoholic hangover, road sickness and dizziness.
If you have a migraine, the reasons may be different. We do not know the exact cause of migraine, but researchers believe that the answer lies in genetics. Migraine has a tendency to appear in families, but it does not mean that everyone in the family suffers from it. The disease is often found in close relatives (parents, children, siblings). It is assumed that a combination of several different genes can decide whether a person will develop the disease, and there are many studies currently underway to try to determine which genes it is. One very rare form of migraine, called family hemiplegic migraine, has actually been traced back to a specific gene.
The signs of migraine in women are three times more common than in men. It is believed that this is largely due to hormonal factors. Women may find that they experience pain immediately before or immediately after the beginning of their period. Some women believe that oral contraception (pills) can cause migraine. It may happen that women experience migraine as they approach menopause, or that hormone replacement therapy (HST) causes migraine.