Migraine or hemicrania (“hemicrania” from the Greek “hemi” – gender, half; “cranion” – skull) is a chronic neurological disease, which manifests itself in the form of periodic attacks of severe headaches that occur suddenly and can be very long – up to 72 hours.

History

Migraine. History, symptoms and types of disease

This disease has been known since ancient times. Its mention is found in the works of Hippocrates and Avicenna. And just like in ancient times, people have to live with it, it can begin in youth, sometimes as a child, and accompany a person throughout his life. Sometimes, it is absolutely unclear why, it can disappear in the middle of life and never appear again. The causes of migraine is still not precisely studied, there are many theories, each of which has its own supporters and opponents, but one generally accepted, traditional Western medicine does not yet have. Nevertheless, the so-called risk factors, which may contribute to the emergence and development of hemicranies, have been identified. These include: sex (women suffer from migraine about 4 times more often), sleep disorders (lack of sleep or excessive sleep), increased physical or emotional stress, alcohol abuse, medications, strong external influences (light, noise, smell, etc.), exacerbation of chronic diseases, exhaustion, weather conditions, eye strain, consumption of some food, psychological trauma, nervous system malfunctions, prolonged stress. Some scientists add genetic predisposition to this list, but it has not yet been proven.

Types of migraine:

With aura: 10 – 30 minutes before the attack, visual perception disorders are observed. It can be expressed in partial loss of vision, in the appearance of shimmering light before the eyes, there may be sparkling dots, zigzag circles or any other figures, the image can become blurred, vague, distorted, there may be visual illusions or develop temporary blindness. Following the aura, a headache attack develops.
Without an aura: headaches start suddenly.
The hemicranium attacks are usually repeated at certain intervals, on average 2-4 attacks per month.

Symptoms of migraine:

Asymptomatically growing strong pulsating pain in one or both halves of the head, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, fatigue, general weakness, intolerance to certain external influences (noise, light, smell, etc.), increased pain during movements, possible speech and motor function disorders (pauses), Headache attacks can last from 4 to 72 hours.
In case of aura, all visual impairments and other disorders (paresis, speech disorders, etc.) are reversible. Duration of symptoms of Aura up to 60 minutes.
Migraine attack can begin at any time. Some patients notice that the most dangerous for them may be a specific time, but most often it is not possible to identify the dependence on a time factor.

Why migraine is classified as a psychosomatic disease

Migraine. History, symptoms and types of disease

As a treatment usually offered medication, the effect can be given by chiropractic therapy, breathing exercises and therapeutic exercise, aromatherapy, homeopathy. Recently, more attention has been paid to psychological methods when working with migraine, as it was found that this is one of the fastest and most effective ways to use which, in addition to achieving longer remission, you can learn to manage their pain (block them during an attack), and in some cases, get rid of the disease forever.
Traditional Chinese medicine has long found a relationship between the mental characteristics of the patient and the emergence, and the development of some diseases, in particular, hemicrania.

When psychosomatically looking at this disease, we can note the psychological factors that contribute to the emergence and development of migraine. Let’s list the most characteristic of them:
Fears of different origins, including sexual, low self-esteem, self-criticism, intense stress, a sense of unfulfilled expectations, mental exhaustion due to a long state of hyperactivity, the desire to avoid mistakes and only do the right thing, Long experience of own or someone else’s problems, Suppressed aggression, Impression, Constant readiness for guilt, Desire to “remake the world” or at least individuals, Constant need for approval from others.
If we rely only on the traditional approach to migraine treatment, it is necessary to adapt to the course of the disease and build your whole life based on this position: exclude the factors that cause seizures if possible, always keep painkillers at hand, observe a diet and even choose the wallpaper curtains in appropriate colors. The whole rhythm of life, habits and behavior will have to be adjusted to the peculiarities of the “whims” of hemicrane.